Boosting productivity without additional capital


Employers are constantly looking for innovative ways to motivate their workforce. “Self-efficacy,” a typical technique, involves improving employees’ confidence in their abilities so that they expect greater success. This motivates them to exert greater effort and leads to better performance.

But according to organizational psychologist Prof. Dov Eden of Tel Aviv University’s Faculty of Management, this is only part of the motivational package. Employees must feel confident not only in their own abilities, but also with the tools available to them to accomplish their task, whether those tools are computer software, particular office products or even their co-workers. He calls his new concept “means efficacy,” and it can significantly impact workers’ motivation and the effort they exert to complete the task at hand.

His approach was presented as a chapter in the book Work Motivation in the Context of a Globalizing Economy (Lawrence Erlbaum).

The best of the best

To put means efficacy into action, says Prof. Eden, you need to convince the target group that they have the best tools available. To test the effectiveness of the concept, he and his fellow researchers conducted two controlled experiments.

In the first experiment, Prof. Eden introduced the same computer system to two groups in a large governmental organization in Israel. For one group, the new computer system was put into effect without commentary. The second group, on the other hand, was given positive information about their system ― they were told it was the best system available, tested in the U.S. and improved for their benefit.

The second experiment took place in a university setting, in which half a class of several hundred physics students were told they had access to the best possible course site ― the same course site as the other half, which received no such characterization.

The results, notes Prof. Eden, were outstanding. In the governmental organization, the experimental group, which believed they had a superior computer system, increased their information processing time by fifty percent compared to the control group, which did not increase their processing time at all. The physics students showed an increase as well ― those who were told they had a superior course site scored 5% higher as a final grade for their course.

Stamping out the negatives

A good manager, says Prof. Eden, knows how to get out and talk to his workers. He should be able to talk to employees about the tools of the workplace and encourage enthusiasm. Workers should be encouraged to believe in the efficacy of the tools.

Moreover, he says, a manager should never give in to negativity from his team. “If you hear anybody say something negative about the tools they have at the office, workplace or any other environment, counter it! Find the positives.” All in all, notes Prof. Eden, motivating workers with means efficacy is an opportunity to display good leadership.

Did you know?


Number of synapses shown to vary between night and day? (a synapse is a junction that permits a neuron to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another cell) So think twice about doing something at night that really needs your brain

A giant star in a faraway galaxy recently ended its life with a dust-shrouded whimper instead of the more typical bang.

New research suggests that walking at least six miles per week may protect brain size and in turn, preserve memory in old age, according to a study published in online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

GreenLand Glacier’s needs little help


Greenland is about 10% of the worlds total Ice mass. One of the biggest glacier there is Jakobshavn.
Jakobshavn’s ice glaciers is melting in an enormous rate and it moves about 40 meters a day into the sea. If GreenLand’s ice melts down completely, it would raise sea level by 7 meters which would sink places like London completely, Florida to a much extent and even northern Europe will not have a sign of its existence once it happen.

A moulin or glacier mill is a narrow, tubular chute, hole or crevasse through which water enters a glacier from the surface. The term is derived from the French word for mill. Through this maulins, the water gushes very deep and reaches the base of the glacier. There are so many maulins in GreenLand now that it is causing the whole ice glaciers to move.

Scientists have been noticing the speed of this move since ages and found that the acceleration have gone more than double the times which is no good sign for the whole planet.

To help save ourselves, we need to reduce the global warming ASAP. So everyone please start thinking on the ways to reduce the pollution we do to this amazing planet earth.

New findings/tryouts


* Supermassive Black Holes Formed by Colliding Primordial Galaxies

* Few Cities have started to pay/gift people for recycling things properly and also to maintain their own garbage.

* Microbes survive a year and a half in space – Bacteria collected from rocks taken from the cliffs at the tiny English fishing village of Beer in Devon, have survived on the outside surface of the International Space Station for 553 days. The bacteria, known as OU-20, resemble cyanobacteria called Gloeocapsa.

Bees dances to communicate


Bees first let other bees taste the small bit of nectar it collected from the flower.

Dancing bees talks to the bees around it by moving its body in a specific way.The direction and speed of the bee’s movement communicates location of the food to other bees

one such move is making rapid circuit of around two seconds per circuit which means food source is 200 meters away

The angle of the bee’s body when she waggles gives the direction of the food. If the bee waggles with her head pointing 90 degrees to the right, the the food source is 90 degrees to the right of the position of the overhead sun

if it dances in a straight line towards the upper part of the hive, then source of nutrients are exactly in the direction of the sun. If its in opposite direction, then it makes moves in a line pointing downward direction.

It also calculates sun’s movement (which is 1 degree every 4 minutes).

A new study used an established method for altering a honey bee’s perception of distance as she flew through a tunnel to gather food. Vertical stripes or a busy pattern on the tunnel walls can trick a bee into thinking she is traveling a greater distance, while horizontal stripes or a sparse pattern indicate a shorter distance — even though the tunnels are the exact same length. At the end of the flight, a researcher watches the honey bee dance to find out how far she thinks she flew.

The Golden Ratio: Perfection in Your Body Shape


Well this is very old news which just got published in a new paper :
Perfect-waist-to-hip-ratio-is-0.7

I think I saw a video explaining about this long back (atleast a year back). Its basically the “Golden Ratio” says that human (not only human, even animals like gazelle developed such technique in how we see things)
developed a specific way of seeing things around us for survival initially.

For example, to scan a forest environment easier and quicker, it would be easy for a gazelle to follow in a rectangular patern rather than a up/down search.

Hence human got their vision evolved in this manner which is explained by golden ratio. It describes a rectangle with a length roughly one and a half times its width. Many artists and architects have fashioned their works around this proportion. For example, the Parthenon in Athens and Leonardo da Vinci’s painting Mona Lisa are commonly cited examples of the ratio.

When a women has a waist-to- hip ratio of 0.7, “she appears to be most fertile and most likely to produce a healthy offspring” to a man.

This very same logic applies for finding an attractive person too

Animal can sense fear ?!?!


Many animals are also noted to sense fear in humans. How they do this continues to be a mystery? Many schools of thought opine that animals sense fear through some particular body odor. Some research has indicated that humans release certain chemicals in their sweat when they are threatened. Animals are capable of sensing those chemicals, as smell is highly used form of social communication in animals. However research in detail is still needed. Others think that animals sense fear in people through the latter’s body language. Still others think that animals judge the bad vibes of people.

Read more: http://scienceray.com/biology/what-animals-know-that-we-dont/#ixzz0xRhsS3Ns

Places before and now. We still can save our lives if we act now


Mount Kilimanjaro
The peak of Mount Kilimanjaro in east Africa as seen from an aircraft in 1992 (left) and 2005 (right). The famous ice field that is just three degrees south of the equator could completely melt away in the next 20 years if the earth continues to warm at the current rate, scientists claim

Qori Kalis Glacier
Qori Kalis Glacier [an arm of the Quelccaya Ice Cap], Peru. Photo on the left taken in July 1978. Photo on the right taken on July 2004.

Alaska
“The Gulf of Alaska region is 20 times smaller than the ice-covered area of Greenland, yet it contributes nearly half as much freshwater melt as Greenland and accounts for about 15 percent of present-day global sea level rise stemming from melting ice,” said Luthcke. “Considering the Gulf of Alaska makes such a disproportionate contribution, it is vital that we know more about the nature of glacial change there.”

Like wise, Himalayas is facing the biggest threat too. Unless everyone do something about it, more than 40% of world population will have (at least) water scarcity problem sooner.

We can help save fuel, electricity, food (prefer veg to help), water, paper, trees, anything that anyone can save will help solve this issue.

todays facts 23/08


In planet Uranus, sun appears 300 times smaller than it appears from Earth

Pet mantis shrimp are so tough they can even break through the double glass walls of an aquarium.
When they strike at a prey item or a rival, these appendages are thrown forward with incredible speed. In some species the striking movement takes only 4 to 8 milliseconds, while the appendage moves at a velocity of 390 inches per second! This makes it one of the fastest animal movements known to science!

Mercury has very very long days. Each day on Mercury lasts as long as 58 days, 15 hours on Earth. This is quite a feat, considering a whole year on Mercury is only 88 days.

Speed that one would travel when jumping from an airplane before opening the chute – 120MPH
Since due to friction, one will not accelerate more than that. But if there is less air, then will the speed increases? yeah, right. Joseph Kittinger jumped at 102,000 feet and he reached till 632 MPH (almost the speed of sound) in 1955.

Todays facts 08/22


Dark energy is thought to comprise 72 percent of the universe
Dark matter makes up another 24 percent
Which means that the matter making up you and me accounts for only 4 % of the universe.

Yawning is a social behavior and could be contagious in human. Certain fishes, animals do yawn to scare their enemies.
When a lioness in a group yawns, it might be signaling to move on to the other lioness in the group.